Explore > Culture & Heritage > Monuments

Singapore may be a young nation, but it has weathered its fair share of ups and downs. Its colonial past has left an indelible mark, while more recent traumas like the Japanese Occupation during World War II continue to haunt some the survivors.

Monuments have been erected over the years to honour and commemorate individuals who have contributed to the birth and growth of Singapore. The Preservation of Monuments Board, a statutory board under the Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts, has to date gazetted 63 buildings and structures as National Monuments of Singapore.

These are deemed to be of special historic, traditional, archeological, architectural or artistic value. Besides these monuments, there are other historical sites that are testaments to the blood, sweat and tears that have gone into Singapore's nation building. Having captured and preserved the past for future generations, monuments offer a chance for visitors to delve into this island's history.

Immortalising Singapore's history in an icon is the Merlion, the national symbol of Singapore. It pays homage to Singapore's past names, Temasek and Singapura. It became ...
The Istana, built to replace the first Government House set up on Fort Canning Hill, is the official residence of Singapore's head of the state, the President. Like most ...
To commemorate Sir Stamford Raffles works in setting up the British Colony, British sculptor-poet Thomas Woolner was instructed to create a statue of Raffles. This statue...
The immaculately maintained grounds of Kranji War Memorial and the adjacent War Cemetery pays homage to the men and women who defended Singapore during the Japanese Occup...
The Old Ford Factory is more than just Southeast Asia's first car assembly plant - it holds even more prominent significance in Singapore's military history: it is the si...
Right at the heart of Singapore's historical area, tucked between the colonial Old Parliament House, Old Supreme Court and The Esplanade lies the Lim Bo Seng Memorial. It...
The Sun Yat Sen Nanyang Memorial Hall (SYSNMH), a heritage institution managed by the National Heritage Board, traces Dr Sun Yat Sen's revolutionary activities in the Sou...